Chinese culture

The word "China" means the Middle Kingdom in Chinese, indicating how central Chinese people have felt themselves to be in history. China has a land area of 3,691,502 square miles (9,596,960 square kilometers), making it the world's third largest nation. Cultures and languages vary from region to region, but for the whole country at large, the culture is relatively uniform. China is the most populous nation on earth; the estimated population is 1.38 billion (over one-fifth of the world's population) in 2016. Of these people, more than 90 percent are Han Chinese. Fifty-five minority groups have their own unique cultures, languages, and customs. Mandarin Chinese is the official language based on the Beijing dialect. There are a number of dialects, including Yue (spoken in Canton), Wu (Shanghai), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, and Hakka. Many of the dialects are so different that they are mutually unintelligible. Some minority groups have their own languages. But the writing system has not changed for thousands of years and is the same for all the dialects.


Chinese ethnic groups


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